Trigger Finger Surgery: The Basics
Trigger finger is a condition caused by repetitive wrist, finger, and hand movements that result in strain. It happens because the tendons have become swollen and deteriorated. Although trigger finger is not life-threatening, it causes pain and disrupts routine hand functions. In severe cases, pointing and grasping take a lot of effort. Trigger finger is treated with cortisone injection. But if the injection didn’t bring lasting results, trigger finger surgery is often performed.
An outpatient procedure, trigger finger surgery works by widening the joint tunnel to give the tendon more room. Local anesthesia is applied to the hand before the procedure. The doctor will then make a small incision on the palm and cuts the flexor tendon sheath. The wound will be bandaged and allowed to heal for some days.
Trigger finger surgery, like any other surgical procedures, come with complications. Infection and finger stiffness are possible. Incomplete finger extension, bowstringing, and persistent triggering might also happen if the surgery is not performed well. Yet, these complications happen rarely, and the surgery is generally safe.
Recovery takes about weeks, although some patients had to go through a six-month recovery period. During recovery, finger exercises must be performed to loosen up the fingers. Patients also often have to undergo scar massage program to minimize scarring.
Trigger finger surgery has a high success rate, and many patients can actually move their hands and fingers right after the surgery. However, trigger finger surgery can’t guarantee 100% cure. Still, compared to non-surgical treatments, trigger finger surgery offers the best results.
But although that’s the case, surgery must be carefully considered as an option. A consultation with a doctor must take place before deciding to have a surgery. In some other cases, non-surgical treatments are enough to address trigger finger. But when the symptoms have become too disruptive and severe, trigger finger surgery is called for.